ChatGPT: Generative AI and Law

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These days, news sites are flooded with articles about ChatGPT, the AI bot disrupting industries from programming to law.

And, with all the buzz, legal professionals and clients are asking: At the intersection of artificial intelligence (AI) and law, what opportunities does ChatGPT provide?

Below, we’ll introduce you to OpenAI—the AI company that developed ChatGPT—along with the notorious chatbot and what its development means for the legal profession.

And, if you’re hungry for more ChatGPT insights after reading this article, be sure to secure your spot at this year’s Clio Cloud Conference, where we’ll be covering, among other things, ChatGPT, AI, and the future of law.

Generative AI

OpenAI is a form of generative AI; a subset of AI that involves machines producing new data, such as images, text, and music, without explicit instructions. 

While this technology is still in development, generative AI has the potential to provide endless opportunities for lawyers looking to improve productivity and support their business. 

For instance, generative AI may be able to help with: 

  • Creating legal documents, such as contracts, briefs, and wills. 
  • Conducting legal research, by analyzing vast amounts of legal information and providing relevant summaries. 
  • Analyzing large data sets and making predictions about legal outcomes. This can be particularly useful in areas such as litigation and risk management. 
  • Powering legal chatbots or virtual assistants that can provide basic legal information, answer questions, and guide clients through the legal process. 

While generative AI may offer exciting opportunities for lawyers, it’s essential to note that AI is not a replacement for a lawyer’s expertise. As we’ll discuss further below, lawyers must exercise caution when using AI in their legal practice. 

Watch our on-demand webinar, AI for Law Firms: How it’s Reshaping Legal and Why You Should Care.

What is OpenAI?

OpenAI is an example of generative AI. It is an AI research and development company creating “highly autonomous systems that outperform humans at most economically valuable work.” Tools like ChatGPT are free to use—though, given the high demand, you may have trouble getting in.

What is ChatGPT?

ChatGPT is an AI-powered chatbot from OpenAI that responds to open-ended text queries with paragraphs of text-written answers. It was trained through reinforcement learning from human feedback. During this process, human AI trainers would converse as a user and an AI assistant, then rank chatbot responses to teach the chatbot how to respond appropriately.

On March 14, 2023, OpenAI launched GPT-4 , trained using ChatGPT and lessons from their “adversarial training program.” This large, multimodal model not only accepts image inputs in addition to text, but stands up to professional and academic benchmarks with human-level performance.

For example, while ChatGPT scored in the bottom 10% when put to the test with a simulated bar exam, GPT-4 scored in the top 10% of test takers.

GPT-4 is currently available via a paid subscription—visit OpenAI’s website to learn more. 

How is ChatGPT used in law?

ChatGPT can assist legal professionals with tasks like research and information gathering, document generation, case analysis, and much more.

What are the ethical issues of ChatGPT?

ChatGPT has great potential, but users need to be aware that ChatGPT has the potential to generate incorrect information or other misleading content.

Lawyers and legal professionals must maintain a critical eye when using ChatGPT and other forms of generative AI. Relying on work products produced by generative AI without confirming its accuracy can lead to disinformation, perpetuation of bias, and discrimination.

Code on computer for AI

How do you use ChatGPT?

ChatGPT is relatively simple to use—all you have to do is type in your request on the ChatGPT website. For instance, you can ask the tool to write a poem, answer a question in Shakespearean English, or solve complex math problems.

From there, you’ll get a unique, surprisingly-accurate answer on the same website.

What ChatGPT offers lawyers

While ChatGPT is still in the research phase, legal professionals are naturally asking: how can ChatGPT help lawyers?

There’s no doubt that ChatGPT presents opportunities for law firms. A few examples include:

  • Creating legal marketing content
  • Drafting legal documents
  • Legal research
  • Case analysis
  • Chatbots for law firms

Perhaps the greatest benefit of ChatGPT is that it helps lawyers save time. By creating, say, a first draft of an email or document with ChatGPT (and, of course, meticulously fact checking, reviewing, and editing it before relying on the work product), lawyers can speed up their processes and gain back time to focus on what matters most to them.

This might include helping more clients which, in turn, can help lawyers improve access to justice by serving more clients. 

And, what’s more, companies are already attempting to leverage GPT technology to support legal clients. Take, for example, Harvey AI—an AI tool designed specifically for legal work that is already showing promising results.

While ChatGPT is a helpful tool for lawyers—and humans, generally—users must exercise their judgment and use the tool responsibly.

Whether you’re using ChatGPT to assist you with legal work or using it in your everyday life, never blindly rely on an AI tool’s work product. Always apply common sense, review the work product carefully before relying on it, and edit the work product accordingly. 

We cover more topics like this in our AI for lawyers hub.

Challenges ChatGPT poses for lawyers

ChatGPT can create additional challenges in the legal sphere. 


First, this technology is still in development. And, as eerily accurate as its responses may be, ChatGPT is not a human lawyer. Nor is it always accurate—users have reported receiving incorrect information from the chatbot-in-training.

Take, for instance, the attorney who relied on ChatGPT for legal research, and supplied it to the court, only to learn the cited cases were non-existent. This is one example of how ChatGPT can hallucinate, illustrating the importance of always ensuring you double (even triple) check any generative text from ChatGPT, or any generative AI tool.


Another challenge for lawyers is the ethical obligations that will always take precedence over convenience.

Not only are there ethical considerations in using AI to argue your cases for you, but issues of security, client privacy, and privilege can also arise through the transmission of data between your firm and ChatGPT.

As the chatbot stores personal and conversation data, lawyers must also familiarize themselves with ChatGPT’s Privacy Policy and Terms of Use before using the service.

While we’ve highlighted just some of the challenges and ethical hurdles of using ChatGPT in a law firm, we also know that enthusiastic adoption of technology positively affects a law firm’s business performance, as noted in the 2020 Legal Trends Report.

The adoption of multiple technologies has a compounding effect on business performance both in terms of impact and overall volume of casework and revenue collection.

Final thoughts on Chat GPT and law

In essence, adopting technologies that streamline routine legal tasks, save time, and help you to imprint your expertise on tasks that matter most is a win for any law firm. And AI tools, like ChatGPT, do have the potential to empower lawyers to deliver better, faster, more efficient legal services to their clients. 

But no matter how easy and efficient it is, it’s critical to assess and implement technology responsibly to ensure you’re meeting your ethical obligations and protecting your client’s interests.

Consider, also, how to get the most out of your technological investments—software like Clio comes with a wealth of tools, including client intake and payment processing. And, with over 200 integration partners, you can create a customized experience based on your firm’s unique needs.

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