Depression and stress are so prevalent in the legal profession that lawyer happiness seems like a myth.
And no one can deny that legal work is often stressful and requires long hours of hard work. The stress from focusing on winning a case and knowing that the results could potentially change lives can weigh heavily on a lawyer’s mind. But, happiness on a personal level is possible.
With the right mindset, some tools, and the willingness to change (when needed), achieving happiness as a lawyer is well within reach.
Are lawyers happy?
According to ABA, 20% of lawyers have alcohol use issues—twice the national rate of the general population. Also, lawyers suffer from depression and suicide rates that are higher than the general public’s. To combat this issue, the legal industry needs to focus on legal wellness (or lawyer well-being).
Can lawyers be happy?
The answer is yes—with clearly drawn boundaries. Lawyers have above-average job satisfaction, which increases for lawyers with a longer tenure. This suggests that law school graduates tend to be less satisfied while they’re still acclimating to the industry.
Drawing the boundaries between work life and personal life is difficult for lawyers when they’re fresh out of law school. Unfortunately, work-life balance is not something lawyers can learn in the classroom. As new lawyers navigate the workplace and learn how to sustainably grow their careers without burning themselves out too quickly, they are likely to become happier over time.
What contributes to lawyer happiness?
Growing a support system, getting better at managing work-life balance, and understanding how client matters positively impact people’s lives—these are some changes that happen in a lawyer’s career that contribute to higher job satisfaction and increased happiness.
It’s also worthwhile to note that salary is not a factor of lawyer happiness according to multiple studies. While a new lawyer’s salary will grow as their career progresses, the salary they command does not contribute to their happiness—to a certain point. After a lawyer obtains a salary of above $75,000, income stops being a factor in lawyer happiness. Instead, lawyers start comparing their salaries to their peers’.
How to be a happy lawyer—and stay that way
While the data in the above section shows happier days are coming for new lawyers, you can still take steps now to alleviate stress, find fulfillment in your career, and be happier.
Keep in mind that this list isn’t exhaustive. Rather, come back to this list when you’re feeling stressed or overwhelmed, or when you feel like you need to make a change.
Determine what makes you happy
It’s difficult to work towards being happier until you understand your drivers of happiness are.
- Consider what your values and goals are, and if and how your career aligns with them.
- You are not just your job. Focus on hobbies and personal interests that make you happy outside of work.
- Don’t just find time—make time in your life to socialize and be around friends, family, and colleagues who contribute to your happiness.
- Make smaller, incremental changes
Small annoyances can build up and contribute to underlying stress. For example, the chair you have might be causing back pains that are further aggravated by other disruptors.
- Opening a window in your office or having plants may seem insignificant at first. But small changes can make a big difference in your mood.
- Explore part-time work, taking on different types of cases, hiring paralegals or other support staff to reduce routine, non-billable tasks.
- Find ways to streamline the tedious parts of your job, like invoicing, so you’re spending more time on the parts that make you feel excited and fulfilled.
Be open to larger changes
If your current role or career path isn’t aligned to your values, or if it isn’t giving you the time to do the things that make you happy, it might be time for a change.
- Is this temporary (stress from a particular client or matter)?
- Is this current situation inherent at your firm, or part of a larger industry problem? If so, is there something you can do to lead change?
- Have you brought up your stressors to management and gotten brushed off?
If your answer to all these questions is yes, you may want to consider making a career change.
Pros and cons of different types of firms
Depending on where you currently work, use this pros and cons list as a starting point:
|New, similar-sized firm||Establish boundaries from the start, including hours and work from home options||Takes time to ramp up and depending on how you answered the questions, the problems from your old firm might re-appear|
|Smaller firm||More control over the types of cases, and how many, you are managing at any given time||Fewer resources, mentorship opportunities, and has the potential for overwork|
|Larger firm||More shared resources and colleagues you can learn from and get help when needed, likely more structured and well-established||Less autonomy and upward mobility, may not be able to control the types of cases you handle|
|Your own practice||Be your own boss, set your own hours, work on matters that you work on||Attracting clients and becoming established can be difficult, need to understand how to run the business side of a law firm in addition to practicing law|
|New practice area/Niche law firm||This type of work may align with your values better and give you more interesting cases to work on||The learning curve can be high and nuances will be difficult to learn at first|
Consider alternative careers
Also depending on your answers to the above questions, you could consider an alternative career in legal, or even outside of traditional law firms. Many companies of different sizes and industries rely on expert legal counsel to run their business. Law firms are no longer the only place lawyers can work. Alternative careers include:
- In-house/corporate counsel for healthcare/manufacturing/technology/etc. companies
- Legal technology
- Legal sales representative (somebody who sells legal services to clients)
- 85% of lawyers will change jobs at least once throughout their careers. While most move into other jobs within the legal industry, a significant portion of lawyers eventually transition into non-legal related professions. In this same study, for law school graduates who have graduated for 15 to 20 years, more than 20% had shifted out of practicing law completely.
The idea of working for a single company your entire career is no longer the norm: The median employee tenure for lawyers is 5.8 years. Changing careers when you feel trapped and burned out can benefit your mental health and help set you up for success in the long run.
Finding happiness as a lawyer
Lawyers with a higher level of happiness tend to be in legal positions where they have high levels of responsibility, receive recognition for their work, have good relationships with colleagues, and can dictate how much work they take on.
Lawyer happiness is each individual’s responsibility. Identify what’s important to you and changes you can make—big or small—to seize your own happiness.
We published this blog post in May 2021. Last updated: .
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